Blog posts tagged in roman era
The best preserved Roman spa north of the alps, the Badenweiler Roman Bath ruins ("Badenweiler Römische Badruine" in German), known at the time as Aqua Villae, were first constructed in the 1st century A.D., not long after the area was first conquered by the Romans. The original building, consisting of two pools fed by the natural warm springs, was subsequently expanded to include a reception area, changing facilities, sauna, two cold pools, and stone terraces. The facility would have been visited by serving Roman legionnaires and veterans who ...
The Alemanni are first mentioned by the Roman historian Cassius Dio, writing about the emperor Caracalla's campaign against them in 213A.D. The Alemanni had actually requested the assistance of Caracalla, who turned out to be a treacherous ally, colonising their lands and killing their warriors instead. To mark his victory over the Alemanni, Caracalla awarded himself the name Alemannicus, the git. At this time the Alemanni were living in their original homeland near the river Main in Germany.
In 268 A.D., whilst the Romans are busy defeating a Gothic army in northern Greece and dealing with the assassination of the Emperor Gallienus, the Alemanni, who now appear on the 'Limes Germanicus' (the frontier of the Roman empire, deep inside Germany north of the Danube and east of the Rhine), invade Gaul and northern Italy.
Following Emperor Gallienus' assassination the previous year, Claudius II becomes the Emperor of Rome and defeats the Alemanni in the Battle of Lake Benacus (modern day Lake Garda).
Claudius fails to restore the original frontier which at its high water mark - the 'Upper Raetian Limes' - extended between c.50km and c.100km east of the Rhine, and up to 60km north of the Danube, until becoming the Danube c.30km west of modern day Augsburg.
The new frontier is pulled back to the Donau-Iller-Rhine-Limes, and follows the Rhine as far west as Lak...
The Alemanni take advantage of the crumbling Western Roman Empire and cross the Rhine frontier west and south, occupying Alsace and the north Swiss plateau.