Alamanicus

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The German King Otto I is proclaimed Emperor of the Romans, thus founding the Holy Roman Empire. Initially covering the Kingdom of Germany (modern day Germany, Austria, and Switzerland) and northern Italy, the Holy Roman empire will expand to dominate central European politics until its dissolution in 1806. Image: Holy Roman Empire around the 10th century, showing the Kingdom of Germany (blue), the Kingdom of Italy (purple), and the Kingdom of Burgundy (yellow, to the west) which was absorbed into the Holy Roman Empire in 1033. Image Credit: ...
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On 18th February 1218 Berthold V, Duke of Zähringen, founder of Freiburg Cathedral, dies, and with him dies the House of Zähringen. Zähringer land and titles are divided amongst the Holy Roman Empire, the House of Kyburg (vassals of the Duke of Swabia based around Zurich), and the House of Baden. In their relatively brief existence, the Zähringener founded a number of cities, including Freiburg in south west Germany and Bern in Switzerland. The Zähringen name lives on as a suburb of Freiburg, and in the title 'Duke of Zähringen' resurrected by...
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The Protestant Reformation of 1517 heralds a long period of religious tension between the Catholic establishment of the Holy Roman Empire on one side, and the newly converted Protestant states on the other. A significant political undercurrent is the challenge the Protestant states present to the authority of the ruling Catholic Habsburg dynasty. In 1531 in Switzerland (nominally part of the Holy Roman Empire but effectively autonomous and free from Empire influence following victory in the Swabian War of 1499), the Second Battle of Kappel is ...
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The Augsburg Interim that ended the Schmalkaldic War a few years previously did nothing to appease the Protetsants, and in 1552 Protestant German forces in Saxony, supported by the Catholic French King Henry II, rebel against the Catholic Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. A Protestant victory results in the temporary Peace of Passau, granting the Protestants religious freedom until a more permanent treaty is agreed. That treaty comes in 1555 with the Peace of Augsburg, which establishes Protestantism as an official religion alongside Catholicism in...
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Having been taken by Protestant Margrave of Baden-Durlach troops two years earlier, Kastelburg Castle above Waldkirch - in the Black Forest north east of Freiburg - is recovered by troops of the Catholic Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years' War. However, the position proves untenable in the face of advancing Swedish troops allied to the Protestant cause, and on 15th March 1634 imperial troops destroy the castle to prevent its use by the enemy.
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Autumnal Glow in Müllheim by Alamanicus

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