Blog posts tagged in hohenstaufen
German King Henry IV appoints Count Frederick von Hohenstaufen as Duke of Swabia. The 'Swabian Dynasty' or 'Staufer', as the House of Hohenstaufen is also known, will go on to rule as Kings of Germany and Holy Roman Emperors.
Count Berthold II von Zähringen was elected Duke of Swabia in 1092 in opposition to the incumbent, Frederick I von Hohenstaufen. In 1098 the two reached a settlement that saw Berthold renounce his claim to the duchy in return for Holy Roman Empire land around Zurich.
Since 1090 Berthold had been building a powerbase in the Black Forest area, including in 1091 the Castle of Zähringen in the forested slopes above Freiburg. In 1100 Berthold established the Duchy of Zähringen - a ducal title that held no office or command, and was a mere dignity, ...
On 7th March 1138 in Koblenz, Conrad von Hohenstaufen is elected King of Germany and styles himself King of the Romans. He is not crowned Emperor of the Romans - a coronation that until the 16th century only the Pope can perform - but his reign as Conrad III begins a Hohenstaufen hegemony that doesn't end until the mid 13th century after a succession of nine Staufer kings, three of which are crowned Emperor.
In 1254 the two year old Conradin succeeds his father as Duke of Swabia, King of Jerusalem, and King of Sicily, but 4 years later loses Sicily to his half-uncle Manfred, who is regent there. In 1266 Manfred is defeated by the French prince Charles I of Anjou, who proclaims himself the new King of Sicily.
In attempting to recover his lost kingdom, the now 16 year old and childless Conradin is captured by Charles, tried in Naples for treason and, on 29th October 1268, executed (main picture). With the Hohenstaufen dynasty now extinct, the Duchy ...
Having manoeuvred the Habsburg family into a position of power in the preceding decades, the 55 year old Count Rudolph IV of Habsburg is crowned King Rudolph I of Germany on 24th October 1273.
Following the collapse of the Hohenstaufen dynasty and the fragmentation of the Swabian ruling classes in 1254, Rudolph - godson to the last effective Hohenstaufen ruler Frederick II - had established himself as one of the most powerful Swabian lords.
Through marriage - his wife was related to the House of Kyburg, enabling him to seize the Kyburger asse...