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Following a successful rebellion against King Conrad I of Germany, Alamannia becomes Swabia when the Alemannic Hunfriding family, in the person of Burchard II, establishes the Duchy of Swabia, with a territory that covers modern day Alsace in France, southern Baden-Württemberg and western Bavaria in Germany, western Austria, Lichtenstein, and northern Switzerland. Image: Duchy of Swabia (yellow), courtesy of wikipedia, Marco Zanoli, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Alamannien_Hochburgund_ca_1000.png
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Having consolidated his control over the Duchy of Swabia, Burchard II recognises the newly elected King of Germany, Henry the Fowler, Duke of Saxony.
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Count Radbot of Klettgau builds Habsburg castle near the village of the same name, then part of the Swabian county of Klettgau, now a municipality in the district of Brugg, in the Swiss canton of Aargau. His grandson Otto II takes the name von Habsburg from the castle, thus establishing what was to become one of the most powerful dynasties in European history. (Year is approximate - actual date is somewhere between 1020 - 1030). Image Credit: By Roland Zumbühl (Picswiss), Arlesheim (Commons:Picswiss project) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/...
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German King Henry IV appoints Count Frederick von Hohenstaufen as Duke of Swabia. The 'Swabian Dynasty' or 'Staufer', as the House of Hohenstaufen is also known, will go on to rule as Kings of Germany and Holy Roman Emperors.
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In 1254 the two year old Conradin succeeds his father as Duke of Swabia, King of Jerusalem, and King of Sicily, but 4 years later loses Sicily to his half-uncle Manfred, who is regent there. In 1266 Manfred is defeated by the French prince Charles I of Anjou, who proclaims himself the new King of Sicily. In attempting to recover his lost kingdom, the now 16 year old and childless Conradin is captured by Charles, tried in Naples for treason and, on 29th October 1268, executed (main picture). With the Hohenstaufen dynasty now extinct, the Duchy ...
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Having manoeuvred the Habsburg family into a position of power in the preceding decades, the 55 year old Count Rudolph IV of Habsburg is crowned King Rudolph I of Germany on 24th October 1273. Following the collapse of the Hohenstaufen dynasty and the fragmentation of the Swabian ruling classes in 1254, Rudolph - godson to the last effective Hohenstaufen ruler Frederick II - had established himself as one of the most powerful Swabian lords. Through marriage - his wife was related to the House of Kyburg, enabling him to seize the Kyburger asse...
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Following rising tensions between the Habsburgs and the Swiss Three Leaugues (an associate of the Old Swiss Confederacy that eventually became the east Swiss canton of Graubünden), on 20th January 1499 Habsburg troops occupied the Val Müstair and plundered the Benedictine Convent of Saint John. Although the Habsburgs were driven back by the Swiss, and an armistice signed on 2nd February, the Swiss had already called on the Old Swiss Confederacy for help, and when troops from Uri encountered some Habsburg troops returning home, they did not tak...
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