1553 - Charles II, Second Margrave of Baden-Durlach
Having jointly governed the Margraviate of Baden-Durlach with his half brother Bernard in their father Ernest's name since September 1552, Charles becomes the second Margrave of Baden-Durlach when both Bernard and Ernest die within a few weeks of each other early in 1553.
On 1st June 1556 Charles II introduces the Reformation into his territories, establishing the Protestant faith as the only accepted religion in Baden-Durlach. When the Thirty Years' War breaks out nearly 60 years later this decision will pit Baden-Durlach against its imperial Catholic master the Holy Roman Empire.
Although generally known to history as Baden-Durlach, the margraviate was initially called Baden-Pforzheim after the official residence based in the town of Pforzheim. It was renamed to Baden-Durlach in 1565, when Charles II moved the official residence to Durlach (today a suburb of the city of Karlsruhe).
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