1524 - German Peasants War
During the harvest of 1524 a small peasant revolt that had broken out in the town of Stühlingen - on the southern edege of the Black Forest close to the Swiss border - triggers a series of insurrections that spread across most of south western Germany and Alsace, into central and eastern areas of Germany, parts of Austria, and northern Switzerland. By the end of March 1525 the peasants - meeting in Memmingham on the modern day Baden-Württemberg/Bavaria border - organise themselves into the Christian Association and issue their 'Twelve Articles' demanding a more equitable relationship between the peasants and the ruling classes.
Following a series of battles that pitted the well-equipped and well-led armies of the establishment Swabian League - a collection of Holy Roman Empire cities and regions which included the Margraviate of Baden - against the outnumbered and inexperienced peasant armies, the revolt was eventually suppressed in 1526. Until the French Revolution of 1789 the German Peasants War was the largest most widespread popular uprising in Europe.
Drawing: User Rosenzweig on de.wikipedia [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Map: Sansculotte at de.wikipedia Later versions were uploaded by TMA-1, Wombat at de.wikipedia. [GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0], via Wikimedia Commons