1268 - Last of the Hohenstaufens and Dissolution of Swabia
In 1254 the two year old Conradin succeeds his father as Duke of Swabia, King of Jerusalem, and King of Sicily, but 4 years later loses Sicily to his half-uncle Manfred, who is regent there. In 1266 Manfred is defeated by the French prince Charles I of Anjou, who proclaims himself the new King of Sicily.
In attempting to recover his lost kingdom, the now 16 year old and childless Conradin is captured by Charles, tried in Naples for treason and, on 29th October 1268, executed (main picture). With the Hohenstaufen dynasty now extinct, the Duchy of Swabia ceases to exist as a territorial unit, and power in the former Duchy devolves to the Counts of Württemberg, the Margraves of Baden, the Counts Palatine of Tübingen, the Counts of Hohenzollern, and others.