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Count Berthold II von Zähringen was elected Duke of Swabia in 1092 in opposition to the incumbent, Frederick I von Hohenstaufen. In 1098 the two reached a settlement that saw Berthold renounce his claim to the duchy in return for Holy Roman Empire land around Zurich. Since 1090 Berthold had been building a powerbase in the Black Forest area, including in 1091 the Castle of Zähringen in the forested slopes above Freiburg. In 1100 Berthold established the Duchy of Zähringen - a ducal title that held no office or command, and was a mere dignity, ...
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The House of Baden is established in 1112A.D. when Herman II of the House of Zähringen awards himself the title of Margrave of Baden, named after the family seat of Castle Hohenbaden (pictured), near modern day Baden-Baden. The Margraviate of Baden was a relatively minor fief, or vassal territory, of the Holy Roman Empire, and over the course of much of its history was divided and reunited according to the internal politics of the ruling family. The main House of Baden (1112 - 1535) spun off the branch of Baden-Hachberg (1190 - 1415), which it...
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On 18th February 1218 Berthold V, Duke of Zähringen, founder of Freiburg Cathedral, dies, and with him dies the House of Zähringen. Zähringer land and titles are divided amongst the Holy Roman Empire, the House of Kyburg (vassals of the Duke of Swabia based around Zurich), and the House of Baden. In their relatively brief existence, the Zähringener founded a number of cities, including Freiburg in south west Germany and Bern in Switzerland. The Zähringen name lives on as a suburb of Freiburg, and in the title 'Duke of Zähringen' resurrected by...
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