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The Klemmbach is a stream that rises in the mountains of the southern Black Forest in south west Germany, and flows west through the towns of Badenweiler, Müllheim, and Neuenburg before emptying into the Rhine. In Müllheim it gave rise to a thriving tannery industry that established itself along its course in the 18th and 19th centuries, with numerous tanneries and associated businesses springing up on its banks. As well as providing an important water resource in the tanning process itself, the Klemmbach was also used to drive mills and flush ...
Tagged in: history Müllheim tour
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Posted by on in Explore
The Baden wine trail nestles amongst more than 160 picturesque kilometres (100 miles) along the western edge of the Black Forest. It leads through the most beautiful and significant wine-growing regions of Baden: Ortenau, Breisgau, Kaiserstuhl, Tuniberg, and Markgräflerland - and forms a kind of Viticultural Black Forest that reaches down to the Rhine plain. Baden Wine Trail Gallery The following images were taken on Ascension Day in May, when a long stretch of the Markgräflerland Wine Trail road between Staufen and Müllheim was closed to all...
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Not a perfect day for flying, but the local gliding club were having an open day. To be honest, I like my aircraft to come with engines, and at least four of them at that, preferably on each wing. But intrepid aviator that I am, and ignoring the fact that winch-launched gliding has always terrified me - it's just not natural to be catapulted into the sky - I had a go myself. Actually I was shamed into it by the 7-year old in our group who took to the air like he was born with wings and wanted to go straight back up as soon as he landed. And wh...
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Today is Ascension Day, "Christi Himmelfahrt" in German, and a public holiday. They closed a 14km (8.5 mile) stretch of wine-country road to motor traffic, and between 10:00 and 18:00 the greatest peril pedestrians faced was from speeding bicycles wreaking revenge for the fact that it is normally they that are the prey of speeding cars on these narrow winding roads at the foot of the Black Forest. The temporarily pedestrianised road runs between Staufen and Müllheim and, after an opening ceremony at the village of Laufen, almost half way bet...
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Posted by on in Explore
Müllheim is a small town in south west Germany, about half way between Freiburg and Basel in Switzerland. It sits at western edge of the Black Forest, where the mountains descend down to the Rhine plain, and the hills around the town have clear views across to the Vosges mountains in France. It is traditionally the centre of Markgräflerland, an area ruled by Margraves, equivalent to the English March Lords - nobility who, because they commanded territories on the borders of a realm, were granted greater autonomy and more military freedom than ...
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Müllheim is a small market town of approximately 12,000 people, located on the B3 road between Freiburg to the north and Basel to the south. The Black Forest rises to the east, and to the west the Rhine plain extends towards the French Vosges Mountains. The town itself can trace its roots back to 758 A.D. when the area was part of the Frankish empire, but remains of a 1st/2nd century A.D. Roman villa have been found where St Martins church now stands. Müllheim was first allowed to hold a market in 1698, and in 1810 the Grand Duke of Baden gr...
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Posted by on in Müllheim Town Tour
Markgräfler Museum Müllheim im Blankenhornpalais (Markgräfler Museum in the Blankenhorn Townhouse) Built around 1800 in the early classical townhouse style, with architectural influences taken from neighbouring France, the Blankenhorn townhouse was initially the guesthouse "Zur Krone" (The Crown), run by the Blankenhorn family (a prominent Müllheim family - Adolf Blankenhorn was the first president of the German Winegrowers Association in 1874, his son was chief of the Baden police until removed in 1933 because of his opposition to the newly e...
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Posted by on in Müllheim Town Tour
Marktplatz (Market Place) A market has operated here since 1698, when Margrave Frederick the Great (Frederick VII, Margrave of Baden-Durlach) granted Müllheim the right to hold one. The sizeable area that had existed in the 17th century was developed in the 18th century, and in 1726 was cobbled. Until 1825 the Stadthaus housed the municipal offices and between 1789 and 1846 the Winzerhaus served as a school building. In September 1848 Gustav von Struve (a leader of the short-lived rebellion of 1848 - 1849) proclaimed the Republic of Baden fro...
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Posted by on in Müllheim Town Tour
"Alte Schol" ehem. Schlachthaus (Old School and Former Slaughterhouse) First erected in 1824/5, this building was initially used as the municipal office, following the grant of a town charter to Müllheim by Karl Friedrich, Grand Duke of Baden, in 1810. The lower floor (which featured a trapdoor that opened out above the river, the more easily to wash away the waste) served as a slaughterhouse until 1912 (the neighbouring "Zur Alte Gerberei" building was the old tannery). In 1867, the upper floor of the old slaughterhouse was changed to educa...
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Posted by on in Müllheim Town Tour
Frick-Mühle (Frick's Mill) First mentioned in 1392, the mill on the Klemmbach river was originally a manor farm belonging to the Lords of Baden. In 1690 it was taken over by Bartlin Frick and remained in the possession of the Frick family until the mill was decommissioned in 1910. At the end of the 18th century the property consisted of two sloping houses arranged together: the dwelling with mill-room and the servant's quarters with a pergola. Two mill wheels can be found on the right side of the building, past which the mill canal flowed. T...
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Posted by on in Müllheim Town Tour
Dekanat (Deanery) The existing protestant parsonage (or rectory) and deanery is the third building to be erected on this site. After the reformation in 1556 (when the Margrave of Baden-Durlach established the protestant religion in his territories) the last catholic priest relinquished his private rectory. This first building was burnt down in 1633 during the Thirty Years' War. During the 1660's a new building was constructed what is now the parsonage garden. When this second building fell into disrepair the current house was erected in 1769...
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Posted by on in Müllheim Town Tour
Martinskirche (St. Martin's Church) The most prominent historic building in Müllheim, St Martin's Church is built on the site of a large 1st century A.D. Roman villa. Before the current church was built, the site was occupied by a wood-built church of the 8th century, when the area was part of the Frankish empire, followed in the 11th century by a stone-built church that was extended multiple times. The tower interior is decorated with important murals showing scenes of Judgement Day dated to the second half of the 14th century. The tower wa...
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Posted by on in Müllheim Town Tour
Wilhelmstraße 23 This large farm building was probably the 17th century ancestral home of the Blankenhorn family in Müllheim. In the middle of the 19th century the front of the building was redeveloped to present a uniform facade in the late classic urban style. Typical features include a segmental (i.e. does not form a semi-circle) arched gate, balconies above the doors with ornate metalwork bars, an attic level punctuated by ventillation hatches, and immediately below the roof-line the repetetive stone artwork of a tiered dentil cornice. T...
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Posted by on in Müllheim Town Tour
Altes Rathaus (Old Town Hall) The old town hall was erected in 1867 on the site of an existing communal wine press. Until 1955 the new building was used as the municipal office in the "Old School", and then between 1980 and 2005 it was the tourist information office. The building displays an historic architecture influenced by the rounded arch style of the Karlsruhe architect Hübsch (Heinrich Hübsch, born 1795, died 1863). It's design echoes late gothic and renaissance examples in Florence, with a rounded arch frieze (just below the roof-line...
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Posted by on in Müllheim Town Tour
Lindenhof Named after the Linden trees that stood here, Lindenhof was built in 1792 by Friedrich Fischer and his wife Catarina (nee Blankenhorn). It is the oldest building on the Werderstraße road that was itself laid down in 1826 by mayor Nikolaus Blankenhorn. The property is a typical Markgraefler farmhouse, with residential and farm buildings grouped on four sides around the yard, and a sandstone coloured facade with architectural motifs. Between 1978 and 2003 it was the home of the Müllheim wine co-operative and currently, since their me...
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Posted by on in Müllheim Town Tour
Alte Sparkasse/Villa Kräuter In 1912 the Sparkasse bank, founded in 1838 and known as the "Savings Temple", moved its administrative offices here. The architect Hertel from Badenweiler designed the eye-catching facade to give the original building a monumental portico in neo-classical style. The symbolic, antique-like facade is inspired by the ionic columns of ancient Greece. In 1979 Leonhard Eder created the sculptures "The Little Pagans", based on the legend of the Rosenburg Relationship. Villa Kräuter (pronounced Kroyter) was built in 1897...
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Posted by on in Müllheim Town Tour
Evangelische Stadtkirche (Protestant Parish Church) The Protestant church is a new gothic style building constructed out of red sandstone and inaugurated in 1881, taking over from St Martin's church which had until then served as the Protestant parish church. Typically for the 19th century, the church borrows from the middle ages architectural style, such as the pointed arches above the windows and main doorway and the ribbed vault in the nave and presbytery. Galleries can be found above the entire length of the side aisles, and above the ma...
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Posted by on in Müllheim Town Tour
Margarethenkapelle (St Margaret's Chapel) The chapel is a branch of St. Martins Church, first mentioned in 1372 - perhaps the endowment of the owners of the Rosenburg - located in the lower Müllheim cemetry (which until 1837 served as the cemetry for the whole of Müllheim). Having fallen into disrepair, the chapel was rebuilt in 1756 as a simple baroque building with epitaphs of the 18th and 19th centuries and a rooftop 'ridge turret' with a slim onion dome. The chapel bell dating from 1691 is today part of the old cemetary memorial, and the ...
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Posted by on in Müllheim Town Tour
Hauptstraße 43 A walk down Hauptraße through lower Müllheim is a walk back in time, past many old houses and farm buildings that were built before Germany itself (pre-dating Bismarck's unification of Germany in 1871). A large, particularly well preserved historical farmstead from the early days of lower Müllheim, first built in 1746 (though with later additions) can be found at number 43. The property is a U-shaped complex of accommodation, "Buchhus", and double-winged farm buildings, accessed via an arched gate with separate pedestrian entr...
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Posted by on in Müllheim Town Tour
Having served its time, the old synagogue here was replaced in 1852 with an imposing new building. The new synagogue, however, fell victim to the Nazi pogrom of 9th-10th November 1938 ("Kristallnacht", also referred to as the "Night of Broken Glass") and for 30 years was left to ruin. It was eventually demolished in 1968 and a car park was installed in its place. A "Shalom" carved in stone stands in the corner of the car park as a memorial. At its peak in the second half of the 19th century the Jewish community served by the synagogue reached ...
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